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Knowing doesn't have to be scary. The Daily Miscarriage Probability Chart calculates the probability of miscarriage or, conversly, the probability of birth, given how far a woman is in her pregnancy. The underlying model can also account for added risk factors like maternal age, weight, the number of previous miscarriages and the number of previous live births.
The miscarriage probability table displays the probability of a miscarriage occuring on or after a given point in pregnancy. You can therefore find the dayspecific odds, or the odds between two points in time, by subtracting the probability associated with date from another. For example, if the model gives the probability of a miscarriage occuring on or after 4 weeks, 0 days is as 25.2%, and the probability of a miscarriage occuring on or after 4 weeks, 1 day as 24.4%, then the probability of a miscarriage occuring at exactly 4 weeks, 0 days is 25.224.4 or 0.8%. Probabilities in the table are rounded to the nearest tenth of a percent, so very small probability differences between two dates may not be noticable in the table.
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About the model Miscarriage is generally recognized as pregnancy loss before 20 weeks gestation. That is the definition we are using as well. This page calculates the cumulative probability of pregnancy loss from a given point in pregnancy through 20 weeks gestation. Beyond 20 weeks gestation pregnancy most often ends in a live birth, and rarely in stillbirth. Thus, we refer to the probability of not miscarring as the probability of birth. Why not include stillbirth data? There's a reason the medical community treats stillbirth differently than miscarriage. They're two different types of loss with different sets of causes and risk factors. Most importantly (for modelling purposes) the perweek risk of stillbirth actually increases later in pregnancy, around the time of birth. In order to model cumulative risk of all types of pregnancy loss, including stillbirth, effectively, we'd need to estimate pregnancy length, which we can do but would introduce additional uncertanty and decrease accuracy.
The underlying model for this site is derived using meta analysis of the following peer reviewed papers on miscarriage. The model can be be used without additional input, or can be adjusted with any combination of maternal age, height/weight (BMI), number of previous miscarriages and number of previous births inputs. Each variable is modeled separately, assumed to be independent and assumed to affect the probability of miscarriage uniformly over time. These assumptions are likely overly strong, as there are likely counfounding variables, but is the most reasonable approximation in the absense of additional data.
Results from multiple studies are weighted differently depending on the number of participents included in the study, demographics of the study participents and study methodology.
Interested in reading the studies? We've put together a summery of best practices when approaching research papers about miscarriage so that you can get the most out of them.
This website is intended for informational & entertainment purposes only. This website is not intended to be considered medical advice.
Pregnant? You may enjoy our other pregnancy apps like the Miscarriage Reassurer or the Personalized Week by Week Calander. When you are a little further along in your pregnancy, be sure to check out the Labor Probability Calculator and Labor Probability Chart.
Into Probability Distributions? You may also be interested in our Labor Probability Chart, which charts the probability of labor over time using a left skewed normal distribution.
Wanting to become pregnant? Our Time to Conception Calculator can estimate how long it may take.